Using computational fluency, multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, automatically (fact fluency) recall all products of two one-digit numbers.

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Multiply and divide within 100.