Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events. Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy. Develop a uniform probability model, assigning equal probability to all outcomes, and use the model to determine probabilities of events (e.g., If a student is selected at random from a class of 6 girls and 4 boys, the probability that Jane will be selected is .10 and the probability that a girl will be selected is .60). Develop a probability model, which may not be uniform, by observing frequencies in data generated from a chance process (e.g., Find the approximate probability that a spinning penny will land heads up or that a tossed paper cup will land open-end down. Do the outcomes for the spinning penny appear to be equally likely based on the observed frequencies?).

Statistics and Probability

Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models.