Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and to approximate conditional probabilities.

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

- Recognize and make sense of the many ways that variability, chance, and randomness appear in a variety of contexts
Probability models outcomes for situations in which there is inherent randomness

Understand independence and conditional probability and use them to interpret data