Newton’s second law and the conservation of momentum can be used to predict changes in the motion of macroscopic objects.
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Students can use the full range of science and engineering practices to make sense of natural phenomena and solve problems that require understanding interactions between objects and within systems of objects.
Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.
Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.