Identify mineral specimens according to their chemical and physical properties. Mineral specimens include calcite, quartz, mica, feldspar, and hornblende. Properties include hardness (Moh's scale), streak, specific gravity, luster, cleavage, crystal shape, and color, and other properties that are useful for identification of specific minerals such as reaction with hydrochloric acid.
Science is a human endeavor involving knowledge learned through inquiring about the natural world. Scientific claims are evaluated and knowledge changes as a result of using the abilities and understandings of inquiry. The pursuit of scientific knowledge is a continuous process involving diverse people throughout history. The practice of science and the development of technology are critical pursuits of our society.
Scientific inquiry involves asking scientifically-oriented questions, collecting evidence, forming explanations, connecting explanations to scientific knowledge and theory, and communicating and justifying the explanation.