Conduct investigations involving moving objects to examine the influence that the mass and the speed have on the kinetic energy of the object. Collect and graph data that supports that the kinetic energy depends linearly upon the mass, but nonlinearly upon the speed. Recognize that the kinetic energy of an object depends on the square of its speed, and that KE =½ mv2.
The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological systems. Energy stored in a variety of sources can be transformed into other energy forms, which influence many facets of our daily lives. The forms of energy involved and the properties of the materials involved influence the nature of the energy transformations and the mechanisms by which energy is transferred. The conservation of energy is a law that can be used to analyze and build understandings of diverse physical and biological systems.
Energy takes many forms. These forms can be grouped into types of energy that are associated with the motion of mass (kinetic energy), and types of energy associated with the position of mass and with energy fields (potential energy).