Describe what the size of the acceleration of an object indicates about the object’s motion (how quickly the object’s velocity will change). Give examples of objects having large accelerations (motorcycles starting from rest, vehicles stopping abruptly, cars negotiating sharp curves), and objects having small accelerations (tractor trailers starting from rest, large ships slowing down, and vehicles traveling on long gradual curves on highways).
The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological systems. Energy stored in a variety of sources can be transformed into other energy forms, which influence many facets of our daily lives. The forms of energy involved and the properties of the materials involved influence the nature of the energy transformations and the mechanisms by which energy is transferred. The conservation of energy is a law that can be used to analyze and build understandings of diverse physical and biological systems.
Changes take place because of the transfer of energy. Energy is transferred to matter through the action of forces. Different forces are responsible for the transfer of the different forms of energy.