Explain why the force of gravity is responsible for many phenomena in the Universe including the formation and life cycle of galaxies, stars, and planetary systems. Explain how gravity influences the motion of bodies in the Universe including tides and maintaining orbits of planets.
Our Solar System is a collection of gravitationally interacting bodies that include Earth and the Moon. Universal principles of gravitation allow predictions regarding the motions of objects within the Galaxy and beyond. Earth’s motion, position, and posture account for a variety of cyclic events observable from Earth. While the composition of planets vary considerably, their components and the applicable laws of science are universal. The motions and interactions of objects within the Solar System are consistent with the hypothesis that it emerged from a large disk of gas and dust. Our Solar System is part of the Milky Way Galaxy, which, in turn, is one of many galaxies in the known Universe.
The Universe is composed of galaxies that are composed of solar systems, all of which are composed of the same elements and governed by the same laws.