Plants and animals are living things. All living things have basic needs for survival including air, water, food (nutrients), space, shelter, and light.
The natural world is defined by organisms and life processes which conform to principles regarding conservation and transformation of matter and energy. Living organisms use matter and energy to build their structures and conduct their life processes, have mechanisms and behaviors to regulate their internal environments and to respond to changes in their surroundings. Knowledge about life processes can be applied to improving human health and well being.
All organisms transfer matter and convert energy from one form to another. Both matter and energy are necessary to build and maintain structures within the organism.