Differentiate between the functions of mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis is a process by which a cell divides into each of two daughter cells, each of which has the same number of chromosomes as the original cell. Meiosis is a process of cell division in organisms that reproduce sexually, during which the nucleus divides eventually into for nuclei, each of which contains half the usual number of chromosomes.
Genetics and Evolution
Students should know that Genes are a set of instructions encoded in the DNA sequence of each organism [responsible for inheritance] and be able to apply this knowledge to problems of inheritance.