Climate is the long-term average of a region's weather and depends on many factors.
Energy in the Earth System
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Weather and climate involve the transfer of energy into and out of the atmosphere.
Latitude, elevation, topography, proximity to large bodies of water, and cold or warm ocean currents affect the climate.
Earth's climate has changed over time, corresponding to changes in Earth's geography, atmospheric composition and other factors, such as solar radiation and plate movement.