Recognize and explain that science is grounded in empirical observations that are testable; explanation must always be linked with evidence.
Nature of Science
The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge
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Explain that science focuses solely on the natural world.
Distinguish between empirical observation (what you see, hear, feel, smell, or taste) and ideas or inferences (what you think).
Recognize that learning can come from careful observation.
Raise questions about the natural world, investigate them in teams through free exploration and systematic observations, and generate appropriate explanations based on those explorations.
Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, and is appropriate for understanding the natural world, but it provides only a limited understanding of the supernatural, aesthetic, or other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, or religion.