Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.
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Question claims based on vague attributions (such as “Leading doctors say...”) or on statements made by people outside the area of their particular expertise.
Identify the flaws of reasoning that are based on poorly designed research (i.e., facts intermingled with opinion, conclusions based on insufficient evidence).
Question the value of arguments based on small samples of data, biased samples, or samples for which there was no control.
Recognize that there may be more than one way to interpret a given set of findings.