Describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1500 CE/AD.
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Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.
Describe the trading networks and distribution of resources by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.
Understand the blending of traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity and their impact on early African societies.