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Use a known word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root, and identify when an affix is added to a known root word.
Consult reference materials, both print and digital (e.g., dictionary), to determine or clarify the meanings of words and phrases.
Standard begins at sixth grade.
Identify relationships among words, including synonyms, antonyms, homographs, homonyms, and multiple-meaning words (e.g., puzzle, fire).
Apply context clues (e.g., word, phrase, and sentence clues) and text features (e.g., maps, illustrations, charts) to determine the meanings of unknown words.