Analyze the important characteristics and achievements of early Mesopotamia.
Western Asia, the Middle East and North Africa
Western Asia, the Middle East and North Africa: Mesopotamia, c. 3500–1200 BCE
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a religion based on polytheism (the belief in many gods)
monumental architecture (the ziggurat) and developed art (including large relief sculptures, mosaics, carved cylinder seals)
the first epic (the Epic of Gilgamesh) and the first set of written laws (the Code of Hammurabi, for example, “If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.” [An eye for an eye]).
cuneiform writing, used for record keeping tax collection, laws and literature
a complex society with rulers, priests, soldiers, craftspeople, farmers, and slaves