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Describe the indigenous religious practices observed by early Africans before contact with Islam and Christianity.
Explain how extended family/kinship and tribal relationships have shaped indigenous African cultures, and their effects on the political and economic development of African countries.
Describe the different ways in which Islam and Christianity influenced indigenous African cultures.
Identify the locations and time periods of the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay.
Describe important political and economic aspects of the African empires.