Relate gene expression (e.g., replication, transcription, translation) to protein structure and function.
Investigate and discuss the molecular basis of heredity.
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Translation of a messenger RNA strand into a protein
Processing by organelles so that the protein is appropriately packaged, labeled, and eventually exported by the cell
Messenger RNA codon charts to determine the effects of different types of mutations on amino acid sequence and protein structure (e.g., sickle cell anemia resulting from base substitution mutation)
Gene expression regulated in organisms so that specific proteins are synthesized only when they are needed by the cell (e.g., allowing cell specialization)