Societal demands influence the need for engineering design and technology. The goal of engineering is to design and manufacture useful devices or materials (technologies) to meet societal demands. Global challenges such as climate change, medical treatments, space exploration, food supply, and clean water drive engineering design and technology development to solve societal needs and wants. Engineering practices are critical to undertaking the world’s challenges. Exposure to engineering activities sparks interest in the study of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics careers.
Nature of Technology and Engineering