Energy Transformation and Transfer
Resources cannot be aligned to this standard, browse sub-standards to find lessons.
Identify different forms of energy, including kinetic, gravitational (potential), chemical, thermal, nuclear, and electromagnetic.
Explain how thermal energy (heat) consists of the random motion and vibrations of atoms and molecules and is measured by temperature.
Understand that energy can change from one form to another (e.g., changes in kinetic and potential energy in a gravitational field, heats of reaction, hydroelectric dams) and know that energy is conserved in these changes.
Understand how heat can be transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation, and how heat conduction differs in conductors and insulators.
Explain how heat flows in terms of the transfer of vibrational motion of atoms and molecules from hotter to colder regions.