The connections and interactions of energy and matter between Earth’s spheres must be researched and investigated using actual data. The emphasis is on the interconnectedness of Earth’s spheres and the understanding of the complex relationships between each, including both abiotic and biotic factors. One event, such as a petroleum release or a flood, can impact each sphere. Some impacts are long- term, others are short-term and most are a combination of both long- and short- term. It is important to use real, quantifiable data to study the interactions, patterns and cycles between Earth’s spheres.