The Cold War (1945-1991)
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The United States and the Soviet Union became superpowers and competed for global influence.
Political and social struggles have resulted in expanded rights and freedoms for women and indigenous peoples.
Postwar global politics led to the rise of nationalist movements in Africa and Southeast Asia.
Treaties and agreements at the end of World War II changed national boundaries and created multinational organizations.
Religious diversity, the end of colonial rule and rising nationalism have led to regional conflicts in the Middle East.