Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades
Recognize that there is no perfect design and that new technologies have consequences that may increase some risks and decrease others.
Apply and document an engineering design process that includes identifying criteria and constraints, making representations, testing and evaluation, and refining the design as needed to construct a product or system to solve a problem.
Explain the importance of learning from past failures, in order to inform future designs of similar products or systems.
Evaluate explanations proposed by others by examining and comparing evidence, identifying faulty reasoning, and suggesting alternative explanations.
Distinguish between open and closed systems.
Identify a common engineered system and evaluate its impact on the daily life of humans.
Describe a system in terms of its subsystems and parts, as well as its inputs, processes and outputs.
Describe the trade-offs in using manufactured products in terms of features, performance, durability and cost.
Generate and refine a variety of scientific questions and match them with appropriate methods of investigation, such as field studies, controlled experiments, reviews of existing work and development of models.
Use maps, satellite images and other data sets to describe patterns and make predictions about natural systems in a life science context.