Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Identify the basic components (i.e., battery, wires, bulbs, switch) of an electric circuit and understand their function. Draw an example circuit and label the important parts. Relate that circuits must take the form of complete (closed) loops before electrical energy can pass.
Use diagrams to illustrate ways that two light bulbs can be attached in simple series and in parallel to a battery to make a complete circuit. Explain any differences that will result in the brightness of the bulbs, depending upon the way they are connected to the battery.
Test objects for their conductivity and classify the materials based on whether they conduct electricity (conductors) or do not conduct electricity (insulators). Choose which materials would be used to construct a circuit and justify your choices.
Demonstrate, through writing and drawing, a variety of ways to construct open, closed, simple parallel and series circuits. List the advantages and/or disadvantages of series and parallel circuits.
Use knowledge of electric circuits to explain how a wall switch can be used to “turn on” and “turn off” a ceiling lamp.
Observe diagrams or pictures of a variety of circuits and demonstrate how the switch can be used to open or close the circuit.
Recognize magnetism as a force that attracts or repels a variety of common materials and identify the physical property of materials that makes them attracted to magnets.