## Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades

Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.

Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 × 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.

Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.

Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem.

Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends.

Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.

Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.

Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by:

Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem.

Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends.