Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth's systems and life on Earth.
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate.
Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.