Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades
Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.
Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.
Resolve issues of complex or contested usage, consulting references (e.g., Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage, Garner’s Modern American Usage) as needed.
Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).
Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.