Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Reproduction is characteristic of living things and is essential for the survival of species.
Genetic information is passed from generation to generation by DNA; DNA controls the traits of an organism.
Changes in the DNA of an organism can cause changes in traits, and manipulation of DNA in organisms has led to genetically modified organisms.
Understand and explain that every organism requires a set of instructions that specifies its traits, that this hereditary information (DNA) contains genes located in the chromosomes of each cell, and that heredity is the passage of these instructions from one generation to another.
Determine the probabilities for genotype and phenotype combinations using Punnett Squares and pedigrees.
Compare and contrast the general processes of sexual reproduction requiring meiosis and asexual reproduction requiring mitosis.
Recognize and explore the impact of biotechnology (cloning, genetic engineering, artificial selection) on the individual, society and the environment.