Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Students know the general pathway by which ribosomes synthesize proteins, using tRNAs to translate genetic information in mRNA.
Students know how to apply the genetic coding rules to predict the sequence of amino acids from a sequence of codons in RNA.
Students know how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may or may not affect the expression of the gene or the sequence of amino acids in an encoded protein.
Students know specialization of cells in multicellular organisms is usually due to different patterns of gene expression rather than to differences of the genes themselves.
Students know proteins can differ from one another in the number and sequence of amino acids.
Students know why proteins having different amino acid sequences typically have different shapes and chemical properties.