## Standards derived from the same national standard

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π (π£β, π£ subscript π¦) = (ππ£β, ππ£ subscript π¦).

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π(πβ, π subscript π¦) = (ππβ, ππ subscript π¦).

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π(π£β, π£ subscript π¦) = (ππ£β, ππ£ subscript π¦).

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise.

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π€(π·β, π· subscript πΊ) = (π€π·β, π€π· subscript πΊ).

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π€(π·β, π· subscript πΊ) = (π€π·β, π€π· subscript πΊ).

Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as π€(π·β, π· subscript πΊ) = (π€π·β, π€π· subscript πΊ).