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- In first grade, students realize that doing mathematics involve solving problems and discussing how they solved them. Students explain the meaning of a problem and look for ways to solve it
- Similar standards in other grades

# In first grade, students realize that doing mathematics involve solving problems and discussing how they solved them. Students explain the meaning of a problem and look for ways to solve it

## Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

In second grade, students realize that doing mathematics involves solving problems and discussing how they solved them. Students explain the meaning of a problem and look for ways to solve it. They may use concrete objects or pictures to help them conceptualize and solve problems. They may check their thinking by asking themselves, “Does this make sense?” They make conjectures about the solution and plan out a problem-solving approach. Students work on increasing stamina.

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

In third grade, students know that doing mathematics involves solving problems and discussing how they solved them. Students explain to themselves the meaning of a problem and look for ways to solve it. Third grade students may use concrete objects or pictures to help them conceptualize and solve problems. They may check their thinking by asking themselves, “Does this make sense? “They listen to the strategies of others and will try different approaches. They often will use another method to check their answers.

In grade four, students know that doing mathematics involves solving problems and discussing how they solved them. Students explain to themselves the meaning of a problem and look for ways to solve it. Third grade students may use concrete objects or pictures to help them conceptualize and solve problems. They may check their thinking by asking themselves, “Does this make sense? “They listen to the strategies of others and will try different approaches. They will often use another method to check their answers.

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

In grade 8, students solve real world problems through the application of algebraic and geometric concepts and discuss (verbally or in writing) how they solve them. Students analyze the problem (including what is given, not given, and what is being asked), identify what strategies are needed, choose the most efficient pathway, then make an initial attempt to solve the problem. Students analyze the result for validity and refine strategies if necessary.

Students start to examine problems by explaining to themselves the meaning of a problem and restating the problem in their own words. These students analyze the given information in the problem, including constraints, relationships, and goals. Students make conjectures about the form and meaning of the solution, devise a plan, and solve. They will consider both similar problems, and simpler forms of the original problem, in order to gain insight and efficiency in problem solving. Students monitor and evaluate their progress and change course if necessary. Students may utilize algebraic methods or technology. Students explain relationships between equations and the following: descriptions/situations, tables, and graphs. Students produce diagrams of important features and relationships, graph data, and search for patterns or trends. They check answers to problems and continually ask if the solution makes sense in context. They understand different approaches to solving complex problems and identify correspondences between different approaches.

In grade 6, students solve problems involving ratios and rates and discuss (verbally or in writing) how they solve them. Students analyze the problem (including what is given, not given, and what is being asked), identify what strategies are needed, recognize multiple pathways to a solution, and make an initial attempt to solve the problem. Students analyze the result for validity and refine strategies if necessary.