Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades
Describe and identify major types of rocks and minerals.
Demonstrate the effects of sedimentation and erosion before and after a conservation plan is implemented.
Describe the rock cycle and the processes that are responsible for the formation of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.
Classify and describe major types of rocks (i.e., igneous – granite, basalt, obsidian, pumice; sedimentary – limestone, sandstone, shale, coal; and metamorphic – slate, quartzite, marble, gneiss) and minerals (e.g., quartz, calcite, dolomite, clay, feldspar, mica, halite, pyrite) by their origin and formation.
Explain how the speed of water and vegetation cover relates to erosion.
Evaluate land use (e.g., agricultural, recreational, residential, commercial) in Pennsylvania based upon soil characteristics.
Analyze features caused by the interaction of processes that change Earth’s surface (e.g., wind and moving water help break down rock into soil; plate movement, earthquakes, and volcanic activity help cause mountains and valleys to form; flowing water and deposition of material help form deltas).