Standards with the same topic and subject but for other grades
Children should have experiences with different types of triangles (e.g., equilateral, isosceles, scalene, right, acute, obtuse); however, at this level, they are not expected to name the various types.
A polygon is a closed plane figure composed of at least three line segments that do not cross.
Presentation of triangles, rectangles, and squares should be made in a variety of spatial orientations so that students are less likely to develop common misconception that triangles, rectangles, and squares must have one side parallel to the bottom of the page on which they are printed.
A common misconception students have when a figure such as a square is rotated is they will frequently refer to the rotated square as a diamond. Clarification needs to be ongoing (e.g., a square is a square regardless of its location in space; there is no plane figure called a diamond).
A plane figure is any closed, two-dimensional shape.
A vertex is the point at which two or more lines, line segments, or rays meet to form an angle. The term vertices is the plural form of vertex.
A triangle is a polygon with three sides.
A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides.
A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles.
A square is a quadrilateral with four congruent (equal length) sides and four right angles. At this level, students might describe a square as a special rectangle with four sides of equal length.