Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Generate new questions that can be investigated in the laboratory or field.
Evaluate the uncertainties or validity of scientific conclusions using an understanding of sources of measurement error, the challenges of controlling variables, accuracy of data analysis, logic of argument, logic of experimental design, and/or the dependence on underlying assumptions.
Conduct scientific investigations using appropriate tools and techniques (e.g., selecting an instrument that measures the desired quantity—length, volume, weight, time interval, temperature—with the appropriate level of precision).
Identify patterns in data and relate them to theoretical models.
Describe a reason for a given conclusion using evidence from an investigation.
Predict what would happen if the variables, methods, or timing of an investigation were changed.
Use empirical evidence to explain and critique the reasoning used to draw a scientific conclusion or explanation.
Design and conduct a systematic scientific investigation that tests a hypothesis. Draw conclusions from data presented in charts or tables.
Distinguish between scientific explanations that are regarded as current scientific consensus and the emerging questions that active researchers investigate.