Academic Context and Connections
Finer grained standards that are part of this one
Analyze data using tools, technologies, and/or models (e.g., computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims or determine an optimal design solution. (Analyzing and Interpreting Data) (Entrepreneurial: Critical thinking/Problem solving)
ESS2:A Earth’s Materials and Systems: Earth’s systems, being dynamic and interacting, cause feedback effects that can increase or decrease the original changes. Evidence from deep probes and seismic waves, reconstructions of historical changes in Earth’s surface and its magnetic field, and an understanding of physical and chemical processes lead to a model of Earth with a hot but solid inner core, a liquid outer core, a solid mantle and crust. Motions of the mantle and its plates occur primarily through thermal convection, which involves the cycling of matter due to the outward flow of energy from Earth’s interior and gravitational movement of denser materials toward the interior.
Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or between components of a system. Use a model to provide mechanistic accounts of phenomena. (Developing and Using Models) (Personal: Initiative/Self-direction)
Stability and Change: Change and rates of change can be quantified and modeled over very short or very long periods of time. Some system changes are irreversible. Feedback (negative or positive) can stabilize or destabilize a system.
Connections to Nature of Science: Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence. Science knowledge is based on empirical evidence. Science disciplines share common rules of evidence used to evaluate explanations about natural systems. Science includes the process of coordinating patterns of evidence with current theory.
Cause and Effect: Empirical evidence is required to differentiate between cause and correlation and make claims about specific causes and effects.
How do Earth’s major systems interact?
Energy and Matter: Energy drives the cycling of matter within and between systems.