Demonstrate an understanding of how cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth’s surface.
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Explain the conditions and connections that contribute to the creation of boundaries and states, and analyze how Earth’s surface is organized on a contemporary political map.
Explain how forces of globalization and regional variations in resources can create opportunities for change, conflict, and cooperation for the control of Earth’s surface.
Analyze how states spatially organize governance systems, and explain the distribution and patterns of these political systems in various regions.
Analyze and evaluate the conditions and connections that have contributed to the development of the modern state system and the rise of supranationalism in various regions.
Gather evidence on boundary issues at different scales, construct a map to explain changes in control over people, land, or resources, and communicate findings.