Tables are an orderly arrangement of data in columns and rows in an essentially rectangular format. Tables may be used to display some type of numerical relationship or organized lists.
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Students represent data to convey results of their investigations at a glance, using concrete objects, pictures, and numbers to give a “picture” of the organized data.
Bar graphs can be used to compare data easily and see relationships. They provide a visual display comparing the numerical values of different categories. The scale of a bar graph may affect how one perceives the data.
Comparing different types of representations (e.g., charts graphs, line plots, etc.) provides students an opportunity to learn how different graphs can show different aspects of the same data. Following construction of representations, students benefit from discussions around what information each representation provides.
Object graphs are graphs that use concrete materials to represent the categorical data that are collected (e.g., cubes stacked by the month, with one cube representing the birthday month of each student).
Comparing different types of representations (charts and graphs) provide students an opportunity to learn how different graphs can show different aspects of the same data. Following construction of graphs, students benefit from discussions around what information each graph provides.