analyzing patterns in practical situations (e.g., calendar, seasons, days of the week).
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Similar standards in other grades
Growing patterns involve a progression from step to step which make them more difficult for students than repeating patterns. Students must determine what comes next and also begin the process of generalization, which leads to the foundation of algebraic reasoning. Students need experiences identifying what changes and what stays the same in a growing pattern. Growing patterns may be represented in various ways, including dot patterns, staircases, pictures, etc.
Patterning activities should involve making connections between concrete materials and numerical representations (e.g., number sequence, table, description). Numeric patterns, at this level, will include both growing and repeating patterns (limited to addition, subtraction, and multiplication of whole numbers and addition and subtraction of fractions with like denominators of 12 or less).
Create patterns using objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
Create a new pattern, using numbers, geometric figures, pictures, symbols, or objects.
Create geometric and numerical patterns, using concrete materials, number lines, tables, and words.