Each axis should be labeled, and the graph should be given a title.
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Collect data, using observations (e.g., weather), measurement (e.g., shoe sizes), surveys (e.g., hours watching television), or experiments (e.g., plant growth).
Construct line graphs, labeling the vertical axis with equal whole number, decimal, or fractional increments and the horizontal axis with continuous data commonly related to time (e.g., hours, days, months, years, and age). Line graphs will have no more than six identified points along a continuum for continuous data (e.g., the decades: 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s).
A key should be provided for the symbol in a pictograph when the symbol represents more than one piece of data (e.g., [a stick figure person] represents five people in a graph). The key is used in a graph to assist in the analysis of the displayed data. One-half of a symbol represents one-half of the value of the symbol being used, as indicated in the key.
Formulate the question that will guide the data collection.
Organize the data into a chart, table, stem-and-leaf plots, and line graphs.