Data gathered and displayed by students should be limited to 16 or fewer data points for no more than four categories. However, students at this level should be able to interpret graphs that contain data points that represent their entire class (e.g., approximately 25 data points).
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The student, given a problem situation, will collect, organize, and interpret data in a variety of forms, using stem-and-leaf plots and line graphs.
Definitions for the terms picture graph and pictographs vary. Pictographs are most often defined as a pictorial representation of numerical data. The focus of instruction should be placed on reading and using the key in analyzing the graph. There is no need for students to distinguish between a picture graph and a pictograph.
Title the given graph or identify the title.
The student will a) collect, organize, and represent various forms of data using tables, picture graphs, and object graphs; and b) read and interpret data displayed in tables, picture graphs, and object graphs, using the vocabulary more, less, fewer, greater than, less than, and equal to.
Data are pieces of information collected about people or things. The primary purpose of collecting data is to answer questions. The primary purpose of interpreting data is to inform decisions (e.g., which type of clothing to pack for a vacation based on a weather graph or which type of lunch to serve based upon class favorites).