The key should be provided for the symbol in a pictograph graph when the symbol represents more than one piece of data (e.g., [a picture of a stick person] represents five people in a graph). At this level, each symbol should represent 1, 2, 5, or 10 pieces of data.
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The student, given a problem situation, will collect, organize, and interpret data in a variety of forms, using stem-and-leaf plots and line graphs.
Definitions for the terms picture graph and pictographs vary. Pictographs are most often defined as a pictorial representation of numerical data. The focus of instruction should be placed on reading and using the key in analyzing the graph. There is no need for students to distinguish between a picture graph and a pictograph.
Title the given graph or identify the title.
Students’ prior knowledge and work with skip counting helps them to identify the number of pictures or symbols to be used in a pictograph.
Construct a stem-and-leaf plot to organize and display data, where the stem is listed in ascending order and the leaves are in ascending order, with or without commas between leaves.