Students should experience a variety of problem types related to multiplication and division. Some examples are included in the following chart: [Graphic cannot be reproduced].
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dividends do not exceed four digits.
divisors do not exceed two digits; or
factors do not exceed two digits by three digits;
Apply strategies, including place value and the properties of multiplication and/or addition, to determine the product of two whole numbers when both factors have two digits or fewer. (b)
The array model, consisting of rows and columns (e.g., three rows of four columns for a 3-by- 4 array), helps build an understanding of the commutative property. [Graphic cannot be reproduced.]