Earth’s tilt on its axis, combined with its revolution around the sun, plays a major role in determining the climate of a given location. Other factors, such as latitude, temperature, precipitation, topography, elevation, and human actions can also influence climate (LS.7 a).
The physical location where organisms live is called their habitat. Each living thing fills a specific role, or niche, in its habitat. A niche helps an organism meet basic needs for life processes (LS.6 d).
Natural disasters, such as forest fires, floods, and tornados are disruptive factors that shift the balance with in an ecosystem and initiate a process of gradual change from one community of organisms to another (LS.8 c).