Chemical formulas are used to represent compounds. Subscripts represent the relative number of each type of atom in a molecule or formula unit. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) system is used for naming compounds.
The student will investigate and understand how conservation of energy and matter is expressed in chemical formulas and balanced equations. Key concepts include a) nomenclature; b) balancing chemical equations; c) writing chemical formulas; d) bonding types; e) reaction types; and f) reaction rates, kinetics, and equilibrium.