Sedimentary rocks may be formed either by rock fragments or organic matter being bound together or by chemical precipitation. Clastic sedimentary rocks are made up of fragments of other rocks and include sandstone, conglomerate, and shale. Non-clastic sedimentary rocks include limestone and rock salt.
The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include a) igneous rocks; b) sedimentary rocks; and c) metamorphic rocks.