Events leading to secession and war
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Nat Turner led a revolt against slavery in Virginia.
Abolitionists campaigned to end slavery.
Harriet Tubman supported secret routes that enslaved African Americans used. These routes became known as the “Underground Railroad.”
John Brown led a raid on the United States Armory (Arsenal) at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (present-day West Virginia). He was trying to start a slave rebellion. He was captured and hanged.
After Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States in 1860, some southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. Later, Virginia seceded and joined them.