Relate the structure of a specialized cell (e.g., nerve and muscle cells) to the function that the cell performs.
Structure and Function of Living Organisms
In prior grades students learned how structures in the body work together to respond to internal and external needs. In grades 6-8 students learn that all living systems are composed of cells which make up tissues, organs, and organ systems. At each level of organization, the structures enable specific functions required by the organism. Lifestyle choices and environmental conditions can affect parts of the human body, which may affect the health of the body as a whole. Understanding how organisms operate as systems helps students understand the commonalities among life forms, provides an introduction to further study of biology, and offers scientific insights into the ways that personal choices may affect health.
Multicellular organisms have specialized cells that perform different functions. These cells join together to form tissues that give organs their structure and enable the organs to perform specialized functions within organ systems.