Demonstrate and explain that moving a magnet near a wire will cause an electric current to flow in the wire (the generator effect).
Force and Motion
In prior grades students learned to measure, record, and calculate the average speed of objects, and to tabulate and graph the results. In grades 9-11 students learn to apply Newton’s Laws of Motion and Gravity both conceptually and quantitatively. Students are able to calculate average speed, velocity, and acceleration. Students also develop an understanding of forces due to gravitational and electrical attraction. These fundamental concepts enable students to understand the forces that govern the observable world and provide a foundation for a full course in physics.
Electricity and magnetism are two aspects of a single electromagnetic force. Moving electric charges produce magnetic forces, and moving magnets produce electric forces.