Define, evaluate, and compare functions.
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Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output.
Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions).
Interpret the equation 𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏 as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear.