Grade 4 Matter and Energy - Next Gen Science Unit


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In Unit 1 Matter and Energy, students explore how scientists on the International Space Station carry out experiments to look for patterns and cause-and-effect relationships in the world around them.

  • Students design an experiment to investigate the properties of matter by analyzing the mass of equal volumes of two different substances.
  • Students build and use pan balance models to explore the difference between mass and weight, using their observations to analyze how the force of gravity affects an object’s motion in the solar system and on Earth.
  • Students design an experiment with marbles, ramps, and obstructions to investigate how objects moving at different speeds transfer energy in a collision. 

Grade-Specific Standards: 4-PS3-1, 4-PS3-3

Supporting Standards: 3-PS2-1, 5-PS1-1, 5-PS2-1, 5-ESS1-1, 5-ESS1-2

For state-specific, full-year curriculum & materials, please visit

Lesson Plan
Project Based Learning
Student Sample
Teacher Instructions
Team-Based Learning


October 2018
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